The Ultimate Guide To Philodendron Goeldii Care: A Journey Into The World Of This Stunning Plant Spe

If you're fascinated by tropical plants, get ready for a treat with Philodendron Goeldii, also known as the Black Cardinal Philodendron. In this ultimate guide, we'll take you on a journey into the world of this stunning plant species.

As you explore the care requirements, you'll discover that it's one of the easiest tropical plants to grow and care for. With its dark green leaves, velvety texture, and reddish-brown undersides, this plant is sure to make a statement in any indoor space.

Let's dive into the captivating world of Philodendron Goeldii together!

Key Takeaways

  • Philodendron Goeldii is an easy-to-care-for tropical plant with dark green leaves and reddish-brown undersides.
  • It requires bright but indirect sunlight and well-draining soil with peat moss or perlite.
  • Propagation can be done through stem cuttings and air layering.
  • Regular pruning and shaping, along with proper temperature and humidity, are important for its care.

General Information

Discover the fascinating world of Philodendron Goeldii, also known as Black Cardinal Philodendron, and learn about its unique characteristics and origins.

Philodendron Goeldii belongs to the Araceae family and was first discovered by botanist Emil August Goeldi in the late 19th century. This plant comes in different types of species, each with its own distinct features and growth patterns.

Having Philodendron Goeldii as a houseplant offers numerous benefits. It not only adds beauty to your indoor space but also helps to purify the air by filtering out toxins and increasing oxygen levels.

Additionally, Philodendron Goeldii is relatively easy to care for, making it an ideal choice for those who desire serving others and may not have much experience with plants. Its low maintenance requirements and resilience make it a great option for busy individuals or those new to gardening.

Care Overview

Taking care of Philodendron Goeldii is easy and rewarding. This tropical plant is known for its dark green leaves with reddish-brown undersides and velvety texture. To ensure its health and beauty, it's important to follow a few care tips.

  • Provide the plant with bright but indirect sunlight, as direct sunlight can cause leaf burn.
  • Use well-draining soil with peat moss or perlite to prevent root rot.
  • Water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry, ensuring proper drainage to avoid water accumulation.
  • Fertilize once a month during the growing season to promote healthy growth.

Some common problems in Philodendron Goeldii include root rot due to overwatering and infestations by pests like spider mites.

Light Requirements

To ensure the health and vitality of your Philodendron Goeldii, it is important to provide it with the right amount of light. This tropical plant thrives in bright indirect sunlight, so avoid placing it near windows with harsh afternoon sun to prevent leaf burn. Aim to provide at least 6 hours of bright indirect sunlight daily for optimal growth. You can also supplement natural light with grow lights, which have several benefits. Grow lights can help provide consistent light levels, promote flowering and fruiting, and support growth. When creating a suitable lighting schedule, consider using warm-toned lights for flowering and fruiting stages, and cool-toned lights for growth stages. It is important to maintain a consistent lighting schedule to ensure the plant receives adequate light for its growth and development.

Benefits of using grow lights How to create a suitable lighting schedule
Consistent light levels Determine the plant's light requirements
Promotes flowering and fruiting Choose the right type of grow lights
Supports growth Set up a timer for the grow lights
Adjust the distance between the lights and plant

Soil Requirements

To ensure the health and vitality of your Philodendron Goeldii, it's important to provide it with the right soil requirements. Here are three key factors to consider:

  1. Importance of well-draining soil:
  • Philodendron Goeldii thrives in soil that allows excess water to flow away easily.
  • This prevents water accumulation and root rot, which can be detrimental to the plant's health.
  • Ensure that the soil mixture you choose has good drainage properties to maintain optimal moisture levels.
  1. Choosing the right potting mix:
  • Optimal growth of Philodendron Goeldii is dependent on using a suitable potting mix.
  • A blend of peat moss, perlite or coarse sand, and high-quality potting mix creates an ideal environment for the plant.
  • Avoid using dense or heavy soil that could hinder proper drainage and lead to root suffocation.
  1. Ensuring water retention and drainage:
  • The soil should have good water retention capabilities while still allowing excess water to drain away.
  • This balance is crucial for the plant's overall health.
  • Avoid reusing old potting soil to prevent nutrient deficiencies and the spread of pests or diseases.

Potting and Repotting

When potting and repotting Philodendron Goeldii, begin by selecting a suitable container and potting mix.

Choosing the right pot size is crucial for the plant's health and growth.

A pot that's too small can restrict the roots, while a pot that's too large can lead to waterlogging and root rot.

It's recommended to transfer the plant to a bigger pot when the roots start to outgrow the current container.

When repotting, gently remove the plant from its current pot, taking care not to damage the roots.

Shake off excess soil and inspect the roots for any signs of damage or disease.

Place the plant in the new container, adding fresh potting mix around the roots.

Ensure that the plant is well-supported and stable in the new pot.

Water thoroughly after repotting to help the plant settle into its new environment.


To propagate Philodendron Goeldii, you'll need to select a healthy stem cutting or utilize the method of air layering.

Here are three propagation techniques and the best rooting medium to ensure successful propagation:

  1. Stem Cuttings: Choose a healthy stem with at least two nodes or aerial roots visible. Make a clean cut just below the node and remove leaves from the bottom 1-2 inches of the stem. Dip the cutting in rooting hormone powder and use sphagnum moss as a rooting medium. Stick the cutting about an inch deep into the rooting medium for successful propagation.
  2. Air Layering: Select a healthy stem and make a small incision just below a node. Wrap the area with moist sphagnum moss and secure it with plastic wrap. After a few weeks, roots will start to form. Once roots are well-developed, cut below the rooted area and plant it in a suitable potting mix.
  3. Best Rooting Medium: Sphagnum moss is the recommended rooting medium for Philodendron Goeldii propagation. It provides moisture retention and allows for easy root development. Its acidic pH also promotes healthy growth. Ensure the moss is moist but not waterlogged to avoid rotting the cutting.

Pruning and Shaping

To properly care for your Philodendron Goeldii, it's important to understand the process of pruning and shaping this stunning plant. Pruning techniques involve using clean sharp tools to remove dead or yellowing leaves, which helps prevent pests and fungal infections. Regular pruning also helps in shaping the plant and controlling its growth.

You can cut back on overgrown vines or bushy sections to maintain space and create a more visually appealing shape. When training vines into contorted shapes, be careful not to damage the leaves or stems. Shaping methods can include using stakes or supports to guide the growth of the plant in a desired direction.

Temperature Requirements

To properly care for your Philodendron Goeldii and ensure its optimal growth, it's important to understand its temperature requirements. Here are three key factors to consider:

  1. Temperature fluctuations: Philodendron Goeldii thrives in a temperature range of 65-80°F (18-27°C). Avoid exposing the plant to sudden drops or extreme fluctuations in temperature, as it can cause stress and damage to the plant. Monitor the temperature in the environment, especially during extreme weather conditions, and consider using heat lamps or moving the plant indoors if necessary.
  2. Proper heat regulation: Keep the plant away from direct heat sources like radiators or heaters, as excessive heat can lead to leaf scorching and stunted growth. It's also important to avoid exposing the plant to cold drafts or air conditioning vents, as it can cause temperature shock and harm the plant.
  3. Monitoring temperature: Regularly check the temperature in the room where your Philodendron Goeldii is located. Maintain a stable temperature within the recommended range to provide the plant with optimal growing conditions. By ensuring proper temperature regulation, you can promote healthy growth and prevent any potential damage to your Philodendron Goeldii.

Humidity Requirements

Maintaining proper humidity levels is crucial for the optimal growth and health of your Philodendron Goeldii. This tropical plant thrives in high humidity environments, replicating its natural rainforest habitat. Humidity control is essential to prevent issues like leaf browning, wilting, and stunted growth. To ensure the right moisture levels for your plant, consider incorporating the following techniques:

Methods to Increase Humidity Benefits of High Humidity Humidity Control Tips
Use a humidifier Promotes lush foliage Set the humidifier to maintain humidity levels between 60-70%.
Place a tray of water Prevents leaf drying Fill the tray with water and place it near the plant. Refill as needed.
Group plants together Enhances overall humidity Arrange plants in close proximity to release moisture into the air.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Often Should I Water My Philodendron Goeldii?

To properly propagate Philodendron Goeldii, you can use stem cuttings or air layering.

For stem cuttings, choose a healthy leaf with visible nodes or aerial roots. Make a clean cut below the node, remove bottom leaves, and dip the cutting in rooting hormone powder. Plant it about an inch deep in sphagnum moss.

When fertilizing Philodendron Goeldii, use slow-release fertilizer or liquid feed every three months. Avoid fertilizing newly repotted plants for a month. Regular fertilization promotes growth and beautiful foliage.

Can Philodendron Goeldii Tolerate Direct Sunlight?

Yes, philodendron goeldii can tolerate direct sunlight, but it prefers bright indirect light to avoid leaf burn. It's a low maintenance plant that can be grown indoors.

Provide it with at least 6 hours of bright indirect sunlight daily. Warm-toned lights promote flowering and fruiting, while cool-toned lights are better for growth.

Ensure proper drainage and avoid overwatering to prevent root rot.

With the right care, philodendron goeldii will thrive in your indoor space.

What Is the Best Temperature Range for Philodendron Goeldii?

The best temperature range for Philodendron Goeldii is between 65-80°F (18-27°C). It's important to avoid exposing the plant to cold drafts or heat sources like radiators. Monitor temperature fluctuations, especially during extreme weather conditions.

As for watering frequency, water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. The frequency will depend on factors such as temperature, humidity, and light conditions. Avoid overwatering to prevent root rot.

How Do I Prevent Root Rot in My Philodendron Goeldii?

To prevent root rot in your Philodendron Goeldii, ensure proper watering practices. Only water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to water accumulation and root rot.

Use well-draining soil and provide adequate drainage in the pot. Additionally, inspect the roots regularly for any signs of rot and trim away any affected parts.

What Are Some Common Pests That Affect Philodendron Goeldii and How Can I Control Them?

To control common pests that affect Philodendron Goeldii, it's important to be vigilant and take action at the first sign of infestation. Look for signs of pests such as aphids, spider mites, or mealybugs, which can damage the leaves and stems.

To combat these pests, use insecticidal soap or a specific houseplant insecticide spray. Regularly wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to keep them clean and free from pests.

Remember to follow the instructions on the pesticide label and be cautious of toxicity.


In conclusion, the Philodendron Goeldii is a remarkable tropical plant that's easy to care for and brings beauty to any indoor space. With its dark green leaves and velvety texture, it's sure to make a statement.

By following the guidelines provided in this ultimate guide, you'll have all the information necessary to successfully cultivate and maintain a healthy Philodendron Goeldii.

Whether you're a beginner or an experienced plant enthusiast, this captivating plant species is sure to bring joy to your home or office.